with small yellow green
flowers. Grows well first 20-25 years to 10-15m,
mature at 50 years. Coppices strongly and suitable for hedges standing clipping. Leaves yellow in autumn but also red or golden brown.
Height: max 25m. Age: 50 - 100 years.
Where found: Typically edges of woods and in hedgerows. Prefers heavy soils calcareous at depth but not lime free (ph 5.5 to 7.7). Frequently associated with ash, hazel and oak. Supports epiphytic lichens and bryophytes and wide range of insects. Native to Cumbria and Durham and south from there but not Scotland or Ireland. Found throughout mainland Europe except Greece, Norway and Sweden, and Northern Russia.