how to model ploughed fields
Most model railways are modelled in the
summer. This is somewhat fortunate as trees bereft of leaves are
challenging and fields will be ploughed or harrowed. Early modellers were
quite content to stick some corrugated cardboard down and paint it.
Actually, cultivation techniques vary from region to region and change as
new technology develops. Generally, ploughing takes place in
September. Earlier ploughs were one handed so the lay of the furrows would
be opposite in one direction.
In order to minimise the headlands, several
furrows would then be ploughed around the perimeter.
one or two horses would
be used with one share depending upon the heaviness of the soil
steam contract ploughing began in the mid 19th century and was used
as late as the 1950s
early tractors pulled
similar ploughs although this Fordson could handle two shares
the breakthrough came with the development of the three point linkage
which came into general use in the early 1960s
with loads of tractor power and sophisticated hydraulics, the modern
plough is reversible so furrows all fall the same way
Depending upon the type and state of the
soil, furrows may be smoothly turned or the soil will break up. If the
field is a cereal field the stubble is also turned into the soil.
Headlands are a wonderful subject to model
whatever the season.
The exquisite 000 model Rügensche Kleinbahn
shows an excellent headland in the foreground of the above photo.
I model these fields by laying down a coat of
Polyfilla and raking it with a suitable 'comb'. These can be specially
made out of an off-cut of brass sheet. Different shapes will give
different effects. If the 'combing' is done when the plaster be beginning
to go off, the result will be more fragmented 'soil'. It is really worth
while experimenting before working on your model.
Once dry, the field can be painted using
colour washed and weathering powders.