- Common Figwort ( Scrophularia nodosa)
- Flowers: June - September.
A hairless perennial up to 60 cm high. The erect stem is square and the leaves are stalked and double-toothed. The flowers are greenish with a brown/purple upper lip. The flowers are pollinated by wasps: a brown-purple colouring is often found in wasp-pollinated flowers. The scientific affix 'nodoso' relates to the roots, because this plant has nodular tubers.
Common Figwort grows in damp woods, hedges and occasionally in ditches, near riverbanks and other damp habitats. It likes loamy, fertile soil. It is widespread throughout the British Isles, except for in North Scotland.